terça-feira, 24 de março de 2015


Where's Place, go to this link : http://www.panoramio.com/photo/118073606
Timor Leste People - Timor Leste City - Timor Leste Tourism - Timor Leste Beaches - East Timor People - East Timor City - East Timor Tourism - East Timor Beaches

domingo, 22 de março de 2015









Culture is the means by which groups of people make sense of their world.  Culture forms and expresses ways of life, and is made up of traditions, customs and laws, governs behaviours and attitudes and is expressed in art, stories, religion, crafts and music.  Foremost in beauty, ingenuity and meaning among the cultural treasures of a people are their languages.

Language in East Timor

For the people of East Timor, as for all peoples, language is an essential part of their culture, of their way of perceiving life, environment, of communicating with others.  Originally of Melanesian origin, Timorese people for centuries lived in eleven tribal divisions, using over thirty local languages.  Those most commonly spoken were Tetun, Mambae, Macassae and Tokodede.  Of these, Tetun is used  and  understood in most of the island, and is now the first-named official language as declared by the 2002 Constitution [Article 13].

Because of its position on the sea trading route between Asia and Europe, the island’s population was from the 14th century onwards increased by traders - Dutch, Portuguese, Malay, Chinese, even a group from Yemen.  The eastern part of the island was a Portuguese colony for four hundred years, resulting in a significant addition to the racial mix as well as influencing the language.  The official language in those years in areas of government, education and church was Portuguese. 

With the backing of the Vatican,  Bishop Carlos Belo made Tetun the official liturgical language of the Catholic Church, a decision which made that language even more significant, since over 90% of the island’s population is Catholic, with a strong spiritual tradition.  

Politically the significance was even greater since East Timor had been invaded and ruled by Indonesia since 1975 and the official language of government and education had been Bahasa Indonesia.  After the declaration of independence in 2002, traditional languages were again adopted officially.  

Portuguese remained the language of government.  An example of the dual use of languages occurred when Prime Minister José Ramos-Horta made his acceptance speech in Portuguese, while the new President Xanana Gusmão delivered his acceptance in Tetun-Portugues.

The present curriculum for Timor-Leste schools includes Portuguese and  Tetun.  In addition, trading, diplomatic and employment requirements have given impetus to the inclusion of English in school and tertiary curricula.  One important factor in the study of these languages is that until recently Tetun was a spoken language, but not written. 

Animism

In his address when he was sworn in as Prime Minister in July 2006, José Ramos-Horta stated:
Timorese people are deeply spiritual.  Their lives are inspired and influenced by the spirits of the past and supernatural beliefs fused with Christian beliefs.  We must not impose modern secularism or Europeanism to disturb the symbiotic relationship of Timorese animist and Christian beliefs.”
This symbiosis is shown in the traditional animist practices and beliefs which are still strong in Timor.
Prominent among these is ancestor worship, devotion to the souls of the dead.Matebian, second highest peak in Timor, is the Mountain of the Souls of the Dead.
Animistic beliefs in Timor  include the concept of lulik,  an all-pervadingand powerful force, not easily classified by those outside the culture, and one which operates in the lives of many Timorese people even today. Any place, person or object with sacred qualities is called lulik. When something goes wrong in their lives, the people may go to these places to make an offering or to pray for forgiveness. Certain trees e.g. the banyan, would be considered lulik,  as well as water, rivers, cascades, mountains and rocks where the souls of ancestors were believed to reside.
Lulik can be a protector or a threat, to be both placated and sought after.  Traditional customs called adat are the means by which proper recognition is given the lulik power, e.g. someone may intercede with the souls of the ancestors by visiting certain stones or trees, or performing actions or chants, or visiting anuma lulik, a sacred house.
“Belief in sacred stones, sacred trees, sacred lakes or parts of the land runs deep in my memory…..My image of God was a mixture of my animist beliefs from my mum and grandmother, Buddhism traditions from my grandfather and Catholic customs from my father.”
Nancy de Almeida Ezequiel

Legends – crocodile story

Legends surrounded many natural features in Timor.  The island of Timor itself originated from a crocodile, it is said, and versions of the Crocodile Legend abound.

Crocodile story

Early one morning a baby crocodile went out from its nest to look about.  It was during summer and the land was dry.
There was a group of houses not far from the swamp which was the crocodile’s home.  He followed the road going in the direction of the shade of a big old tree, to spy on any of the people’s dogs, pigs or kid goats.  But after he arrived at the outskirts of the houses, he found nothing, so he turned back.
It was midday and the hot weather was bad. To arrive at the water’s edge he still had a long way to go, and there was only sand.  He went with determination, but with the hot sand like fire, the suffering was terrible.
He walked badly, he was hungry and he was sweaty with not one scrap of cloud to shade him.  The baby crocodile roared as he writhed back and forth, thinking that he would surely die. 
But a child on his way to play and bathe heard the little crocodile roar.  The child stepped forward quickly to look at what was making all the noise.
 “This baby crocodile will soon be dead!” he thought to himself.   He approached quietly, and bent down.  As the animal was not heavy he carried it to the water.
When the crocodile was in the water his strength returned and he was very happy.  But he did not know how to repay his splendid friend.
After some time he said, “Now, we are both good friends.  Anyone with the name of ‘crocodile’ cannot touch you!  When you want to play in the sea or any other place, you need only call out: ‘Little crocodile friend, repay your debt’, then I will come at once to carry you wherever you desire.  If you feel inclined, we could go now!”
The child was not afraid to sit on the crocodile’s back, so he rode merrily until sundown before going home.  Whenever the child wanted to play in the sea, he merely called his friend.  In this way, time passed.
But one day the crocodile was carrying the boy towards the middle of the sea when an evil thought came into his mind.  He wanted to eat his friend.
He decided to ask advice from all the fish in the sea.  He even asked the whales, “When a person is kind to you, must the repayment be good or bad?”
They all replied that the only repayment must be kindness.
The crocodile’s mouth still watered, so he thought he would ask further. This time he asked all the creatures of the dry land, but they too replied exactly in the same way as the fishes.  The last one he asked was a monkey, who jumped about and narrowed his eyes as he said,  “What did you say?”
The crocodile repeated the words which he had spoken to the other animals.  The money say on a branch near the crocodile and rebuked him:
“Have you no shame?  One day, the sun had mortally dehydrated you, but this human placed you in the water.  And now you want to eat him!”  The monkey berated him more for his evil thoughts and continued the insults as he jumped into the treetops.
The crocodile became ashamed, so he stopped thinking about eating the boy.  He carried his friend towards the sea.  When they reached the Timor Sea, the crocodile said, “Ah friend, the good deed you did for me cannot be repaid.  So I am obliged to die, and I will change into a land where you and your children will live off my fat, as payment for your kindness to me!”
Because of this, the wise old men tell us that Timor is a slender crocodile, with the head in Lautem and the tail in Kupang.  Timor is that place of the rising sun, which some Timorese call the Crocodile Ancestor.
If a crocodile bites anyone, then they say that that person must have said or done something against that crocodile.  Should a crocodile bite, they call out; “Ancestor!  Wicked!  Wicked!”
Whenever they are about to enter or pass over any water in which crocodiles live, they tie new rope around their heads, legs and arms, then call the dogs.  The crocodile understand these things, and will not bite them.
Morris, Cliff, (translator). (1984). Legends and Poems from the Land of the Sleeping Crocodile, Morris, Frankston Vic.

Symbols – tais, houses, cock

Tais

The traditional woven cloth called tais includes patterns that are the written transmission of the traditions of the particular region in which they are made. Tais are highly cherished especially in the exchange of dowries. Local people best interpret the design and the finesse of the artist.

Houses

The tall houses common in the east of Timor are of ancient design.  The roof is reserved to the gods and spirits of the ancestors, the middle section is for the living people, while the lower section is for the nature spirit and is normally occupied by the animals.
The Uma Lulik is a sacred house.  Although there are different beliefs celebrated  in different areas, it is considered to be the place to solve problems in the family or the local area and for celebration involving weddings and funerals.

The cock

Roosters are admired in Timor because of their courage and perseverance, and cock-fighting occurs regularly.  The courage of a man is sometimes compared with that of a cock, while a coward is called a hen.  It is common to see mountain men carrying cocks under their arms as  precious possessions.  Many tais designs include the cock.

Customs – marriage, Christmas

Marriage

The bride price - Barlake

Traditions of barlake vary from place to place, commonly include the giving of certain gifts most often from the man’s family to his future bride and her family. In olden times, these gifts were considered a promise between the two sets of parents to keep their children together as a married couple and to look after them as their own children.
The family of the future groom, his brothers, first cousins, uncles and brothers-in-law may give tais, animals such as cows, goats and pigs, and belak, an ornament which men wear around the neck.
In one area, after the man’s relatives give their barlake, the girl’s family will give something such as rice, which means the girl knows how to cook, a tais to hang on the man’s shoulder and a male pig to kill to feed the people who attend the ceremony.
If the groom does not have enough money to pay the price all at once, he can give as much as he can on the day and pay the rest in installments. He must finish before his mother-in-law or father-in-law dies.
In earlier times the Timorese people practised bigamy and the women called each other “sister” without animosity.  The first wife was the “biin boot” (big sister) and the successive wives were “alin feton” (younger sister).

Christmas

Traditions used for Christmas in olden times are still used by many people today.  People gather together from 24th of December until 1st or 3rd of January.
To prepare before Christmas people try to buy eggs, goats, cows. They weavekatupa, a woven containerin which rice is cooked. They cook saboko, food wrapped in banana or other edible leaves, and tukir, meat and other ingredients cooked in bamboo.
In olden times the parents or children were not worried about presents but they focused on good food for the day of the celebration.
On Christmas Eve the children, whether married or single, stay together in their parents’ home. If they are married, they share their time with parents from both sides, although mostly they celebrate with the man’s relatives. At midnight, all go to the church for Mass and afterwards go home to eat with the family. Many people dance until the next morning.
On December 25th, the children go to greet their godparents asking for their blessing. They also go to greet the elders.  Many godchildren from the mountains bring animals to offer to their godparents such as pigs, goats or chickens. The godparents in return give them whatever they can afford because in the mountains one godfather can have more than twenty godchildren.
School students perform for their parents, relatives, administrator and teacher. People come from all the surrounding villages to perform tebedai and bidu(dances) during the Christmas and New Year.  The Liurai and Xefe suku organise these events for the special days.





Timor Leste People - Timor Leste City - Timor Leste Tourism - Timor Leste Beaches - East Timor People - East Timor City - East Timor Tourism - East Timor Beaches







The flag of East Timor (PortugueseBandeira de Timor-Leste and Xanana Accepted Tetum-Portugues bandeira Timor-Leste) was adopted in 2002. It is the same as the 1975 flag.[1]
At midnight on May 19, and during the first moments of Independence Day, 20 May 2002, the United Nations Flag was lowered and the flag of an independent East Timor was raised.
As per the Constitution of the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste, the yellow (PMS 123) triangle represents "the traces of colonialism in East Timor's history". 

The black triangle represents "the obscurantism that needs to be overcome"; the red (PMS 485) base of the flag represents "the struggle for national liberation"; the star, or "the light that guides", is white to represent peace
.




Timor Leste People - Timor Leste City - Timor Leste Tourism - Timor Leste Beaches - East Timor People - East Timor City - East Timor Tourism - East Timor Beaches

terça-feira, 10 de março de 2015

Landscape of Baucau Timor-Leste,  in part of east












Timor Leste People - Timor Leste City - Timor Leste Tourism - Timor Leste Beaches - East Timor People - East Timor City - East Timor Tourism - East Timor Beaches
Landscape of Baucau Timor-Leste, in part of east
















Timor Leste People - Timor Leste City - Timor Leste Tourism - Timor Leste Beaches - East Timor People - East Timor City - East Timor Tourism - East Timor Beaches

quinta-feira, 5 de março de 2015





Osolata - Wataboo Beach - Nobel da Paz Street

The Nobel da Paz Street and Wataboo Beach are a breathtakingly beautiful white-sand beach at Osolata, 5km sharpy downhill from Baucau township.

Nice to Swimming with clear water and lined with coconut palms, this used to be Baucau attracts Tourists to visit, has Portuguese customs house front the beach and other beautiful of Bondura Beach and Rocks.

Timor Leste People - Timor Leste City - Timor Leste Tourism - Timor Leste Beaches - East Timor People - East Timor City - East Timor Tourism - East Timor Beaches

quarta-feira, 4 de março de 2015





For U.S. Citizens, a passport valid for six months beyond the intended date of departure from Timor-Leste is required. Citizens of other countries should check with their Consular services to verify passport and visa requirements. 

Tourist visas are not required prior to arrival, but U.S. travelers arriving in Timor-Leste without a visa will need to pay a $30 fee for the 30-day visa. There is an additional fee for each 30-day renewal of this tourist visa.  

Visitors traveling via air from the United States and other countries must transit either Darwin, Australia or Bali, Indonesia en route to Timor-Leste. Visit the Government of Timor-Leste’s web site at http://www.timor-leste.gov.tl/ for the most current visa information.
Timor Leste People - Timor Leste City - Timor Leste Tourism - Timor Leste Beaches - East Timor People - East Timor City - East Timor Tourism - East Timor Beaches

Baucau Beaches Development Group Background

Baucau Beaches Development Group (Group) is the following group of social
companies being established to generate sustainable opportunities for coastal
communities in the North Eastern rural region of the Democratic Republic of Timor-
Leste. This is a rural community-based demand driven private sector development
partnership initiative for the 2011-30 Strategic Development Plan and the 5th
Constitutional Government of Timor-Leste.


Baucau Beaches

Developing Baucau Beaches as an indigenous marine eco-tourism destination
development company. Building the Baucau Beaches ‘Coral Triangles Hotspot’
destination brand locally to globally as a social enterprise development partnership of
the Timor-Leste Ministry of Tourism, this is a practical demonstration development of
‘high value – low volume’ community-based indigenous marine eco-tourism.
Business activities include reforesting the coast to developing premium dive tourism
where community economic, cultural and environmental heritage sustainability
development opportunity is optimized.

Timor Photography

Timor Photography is a community-based enterprise that is developing the image &
film destination brand of Baucau Beaches and Timor-Leste Tourism. Community
trainee photographers are developing long-term industry skills to generate
professional photographic, film, media, marketing and heritage employment
opportunities.



Wataboo Resort

A community-based eco-tourism dive resort proposed for development in 2014.
Baucau Beaches has developed successful tour, food and beverage services that will
now expand to meet high visitor demands for up market accommodation. Wata Boo
Resort will allow other Baucau Beaches and national coastal communities to apply
the same community based tourism development business model as a national
tourism demonstration business.

Inbound Timor

In 2014, Inbound Timor will become the international holiday and tourism wholesale
business of Baucau Beaches and assist the Ministry of Tourism in packaging inbound
visitor services.

MADE IN TIMOR

MADE IN TIMOR will develop value added and sustainable niche local products that
complement the international significance of Baucau Beaches marine, watershed,
biodiversity and indigenous heritage. For example, by adding value to coconut
plantation forestation with coastal communities for tourism, the development of
premium coconut products from water, to cream to extra virgin oil, will increase value
of coconut plantations, including those families who may not directly benefit from
tourism products.


Timor Seafood

Timor Seafood will assist Baucau fisher communities to move away from the present
unsustainable fishing and foraging livelihoods, to commercial fishing sustainably
targeting pelagic and trap fishing to compete with illegal foreign fishing and imported
seafood. Aquaculture will also be developed to meet demands as Timor-Leste’s fish
stocks become unsustainable.

Millions in economic leakages are experienced in Timor-Leste to illegal fishing and
importation of seafood. There are high demands for emerging domestic seafood
needs from school feeding to increasing national food security with seafood protein
across Timor-Leste.

Timor Seafood will play an important role for women to participate in the industry with
the processing of fish presently predominantly caught by men. Larger vessels
crewed by several families and technology also offers greater opportunities for
women to become commercial fishers.

Timor Maritime College

Timor Maritime College was established in 2009 and continues to provide
international maritime and oil and gas workforce development skills, experience and
interest benefiting many communities across the country. All training is undertaken
for real employment, livelihood, community, workforce and industry development
outcomes.

Timor Crew

A crew development and resource project management service supporting Timor
Maritime College, Timor Crew will establish in 2014 to optimize Timor-Leste local
content opportunities for Timorese to work in the international seafaring, offshore oil,
gas and flight attendant industries.



Timor Leste People - Timor Leste City - Timor Leste Tourism - Timor Leste Beaches - East Timor People - East Timor City - East Timor Tourism - East Timor Beaches

terça-feira, 3 de março de 2015







Caroline Pemberton, who won the Miss World Australia title in 2007, is a sponsor of the orphanage at Baguia in Timor Baucau District, which she visited for the first time soon after she was crowned. When she was approached by 9 network's flagship travel programme, "Getaway" to present a segment on her favourite place in the world, she chose Baucau-Baguia and returned to Timor with the film crew on May 31st, 2008.  

Timor Leste People - Timor Leste City - Timor Leste Tourism - Timor Leste Beaches - East Timor People - East Timor City - East Timor Tourism - East Timor Beaches

segunda-feira, 2 de março de 2015
















ACU has seven campuses across Australia, including Adelaide, Ballarat, Brisbane, Canberra, Melbourne and Sydney (North Sydney and Strathfield).





Timor Leste People - Timor Leste City - Timor Leste Tourism - Timor Leste Beaches - East Timor People - East Timor City - East Timor Tourism - East Timor Beaches
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